Worm casting can be a great way to get your garden fertilized, but there are a few things that you should know before you begin.
If you want to invest in a worm casting kit, know what to do and avoid the most common mistakes.
Looking at these five mistakes will make your worm casting more effective and efficient.
About Worm Casting
When you think of fertilizer, what comes to mind?
Probably a powder or pellet that is spread on the ground to help your plants grow.
However, another type of fertilizer is made from worm castings.
Worm castings are worms’ waste material as they eat and digest organic matter.
Despite being relatively new to the market, worm castings have become a popular choice for organic growers.
One of the main benefits of using worm castings is that they are packed with nutrients. A single pound of castings can contain up to 5% nitrogen, 2% phosphorus, and 2% potassium.
They also contain micronutrients like magnesium, calcium, copper, and zinc.
Additional benefits of worm casting include:
- Increased soil fertility.
- Improved water retention.
- Suppression of plant diseases.
- Better resistance to pests.
Most Common Mistakes
Worm casting is one of the most popular ways to raise worms, and they are much easier to care for than most other types of worms.
So, it is vital to know the most common mistakes and how to avoid them.
Not Using Enough
Did you know that worm castings can increase your garden’s productivity by up to 400%?
That’s right! By adding worm castings to your garden, you can improve the health and vitality of your plants while reducing the need for water and fertilizer.
However, many people make common mistakes when using worm castings.
For example, they often don’t use enough castings, or they don’t mix them incorrectly with the soil.
They may not realize that worm castings work best with other organic materials such as compost or mulch.
Adding Too Much Food
Adding too much food to a worm bin can have negative consequences.
In addition to the waste produced by the worms, the increased food will cause bacteria and mold to grow, which can be harmful to both the worms and the compost.
It is important not to add more food than the worms can eat, or they will move away from the bin in search of a better food supply.
Another common mistake is adding too many worms to a bin. It can lead to overcrowding, which can cause problems such as decreased production and increased competition for food.
When adding new worms to a bin, it is essential to do so gradually, adding only a few at a time until the population has reached its desired size.
Finally, it is essential not to forget about your worm bin. A neglected container will quickly become filled with waste and unpleasant smells.
Using the Wrong Type
When it comes to using worm castings, people often make a few mistakes. The most common one is using the wrong type of worm castings.
There are two types of worm castings: agricultural and horticultural.
Agricultural castings are meant for use on farmland, while horticultural castings are used on gardens and other plants.
So it is better to use the correct type of worm casting depending on the situation to avoid discontentment in the future.
Not Harvesting Properly
When harvesting your worm castings, you can make a few common mistakes. Not harvesting correctly can lead to loss of castings and an unsuccessful vermicomposting operation.
You should harvest worm castings every 2-4 weeks to prevent them from becoming too packed and challenging to remove.
If they are left too long, the worms will move down into the bedding, and composting will slow down.
Not Using them correctly
People’s most common mistake when worm casting is not using them correctly.
When you’re adding worms to your soil, you want to bury them deep enough, so their head is at least 2 inches below the surface.
If you don’t, they’ll start to surface and eventually die.
Additionally, another common mistake is not adding enough organic matter to your soil before you start casting. It will help keep the worms healthy and thriving.
Tips when Doing Worm Casting in Garden
When starting a worm farm, there are a few things that you can do to make the process go smoother.
The first step is to select the right spot for your farm. Worms need a moist and dark environment to thrive, so find a shady spot in your backyard or garden.
You can create a worm farm using a plastic storage container with holes drilled in the lid for aeration if you live in an apartment.
Next, you will need to get some worms!
There are many places where you can buy a worm for worm casting. You can purchase them from bait shops, garden centers, or online.
The important thing is to make sure you are getting a healthy, live worm. It is also essential to get the correct type of worm for your needs.
For example, nightcrawlers are not suitable for composting because they burrow deep into the soil.
Avoid using pesticides or herbicides in your yard, as they will kill the worms.
Once you have your worms, it’s time to get started!
Using worm castings is a great way to improve your garden, but avoiding common mistakes is essential. By following these tips, you can ensure that you’re getting the most out of your worm castings and having a beautiful garden to show for it!
Image from weedemandreap.com